Three days after the merger and explosion, the bright blue glow from lighter elements in the outer polar regions is beginning to fade, giving way to the red glow from the heavier elements in the surrounding doughnut and spherical core. The red glow persisted for more than two weeks. Credit: Dan Kasen The first detection

This is a photo of Io with a volcanic plume at the top. Credit: The University of Hong Kong Scientists have long been intrigued by the surfaces of terrestrial bodies other than Earth which reveal deep similarities beneath their superficially differing volcanic and tectonic histories. A team of scientists from NASA, Hampton University and the

Hydrolytic enzymes break down cellulose better and thus pave the way to competitive biofuels. In the picture: Manuel Eibinger, first author of the study and PostDoc at the Institute for Biotechnology and Biochemical Engineering at TU Graz. Credit: © Lunghammer – TU Graz Biofuels obtained from biomass are becoming increasingly important. Apart from biomethane, however,

Kansas State University postdoctoral researcher James Nifong documents widespread American alligators’ predation of four species of shark like this nurse shark. Credit Credit: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service J.N. ‘Ding’ Darling National Wildlife Refuge to use the photo. Jaws, beware! Alligators may be coming for you, according to a Kansas State University researcher. While the

The concentrating photovoltaic system showing the top lenslet; the little black square visible near the middle is the solar cell and the lines running away from it are the contact wires. Credit: Giebink Lab, Penn State A concentrating photovoltaic system with embedded microtracking can produce over 50 percent more energy per day than standard silicon

This is an image of Mt St. Helens in Washington State, USA, which erupted in 1980, killing 57 people. Credit: S Brown It is hoped the findings, published recently in the Journal of Applied Volcanology, will help increase our understanding of volcanic hazards and the subsequent threat to life. A tenth of the world’s population

Simon Carn measures gas emissions from Mount Yasur in the island nation of Vanuatu in 2014. Credit: Simon Carn Late last month, a stratovolcano in Bali named Mount Agung began to smoke. Little earthquakes trembled beneath the mountain. Officials have since evacuated thousands of people to prevent what happened when Agung erupted in 1963, killing

Overview of Diverging Diamond Interchanges, or DDIs, that divert drivers to the left side of the road prior to merging onto an interstate, freeway or highway. Credit: Carlos Sun The state of Missouri is a pioneer in adopting Diverging Diamond Interchanges (DDIs) named for their innovative design. At these interchanges drivers are diverted to the

Carbon nanotubes wrapped in polymer dispersants are used in many fields, including biotechnology and energy. Credit: Image courtesy of National Institute for Materials Science Scientists at Japan’s Kyushu University say polymer-wrapped carbon nanotubes hold much promise in biotechnology and energy applications. Scientists first reported carbon nanotubes in the early 1990s. Since then, these tiny cylinders

The scientists have found a way to accelerate chemical simulations using artificial intelligence. Credit: Copyright Philipp Marquetand Drastic advances in research of artificial intelligence have led to a wide range of fascinating developments in this area over the last decade. Autonomously driven cars, but also everyday applications such as search engines and spam filters illustrate

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