Dysregulated energy balance can result in obesity. Credit: Image courtesy of Hiroshima University NPGL, a recently discovered protein involved in brain signalling, has been found to increase fat storage by the body — even when on a low-calorie diet In addition, NPGL was shown to increase appetite in response to high caloric food intake, suggesting

The JDP2 gene, encoding a transcription factor protein, is a prognostic marker with unfavorable outcome in colon adenocarcinoma. Credit: Human Protein Atlas A new Pathology Atlas is launched today with an analysis of all human genes in all major cancers showing the consequence of their corresponding protein levels for overall patient survival. The difference in

Marathon runners. Credit: © pavel1964 / Fotolia Elite athletes work hard to excel in sports, but they may also get a natural edge from the bacteria that inhabit their digestive tracts. Scientists have now tapped into the microbiome of exceptional runners and rowers, and have identified particular bacteria that may aid athletic performance. The goal

This is an iron-oxidizing microbial mat at the Trans-Atlantic Geotraverse hydrothermal vent field collected using a novel, syringe-based sampler deploy from the ROV Jason II. Credit: Photo taken by the ROV Jason II (courtesy of Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute and the SNAPMORE cruise) Bacteria that live on iron were found for the first time at

Deep-sea hydrothermal vents in the Pescadero Basin emit scalding liquids that form light-colored carbonate spires. These vents have been colonized by the largest and densest colonies of Oasisia alvinae tubeworms ever observed. Credit: © 2015 MBARI An article just published in the Proceedings of the Royal Society B describes two remarkably different hydrothermal vent fields

Babies only hours old are able to differentiate between sounds from their native language and a foreign language, scientists have discovered. The study indicates that babies begin absorbing language while still in the womb, earlier than previously thought. Credit: © LanaK / Fotolia Newborns are much more attuned to the sounds of their native language

How would an alien world like this look? That’s the question that ASU undergraduate art major Joshua Gonzalez attempted to answer. He worked with Professor Patrick Young’s group to learn how to analyze stellar spectra to find chemical abundances, and inspired by the scientific results, he created two digital paintings of possible unusual extrasolar planets,

This artist’s concept illustrates an asteroid belt around the bright star Vega. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech Astronomers have discovered what appears to be a large asteroid belt around the star Vega, the second brightest star in northern night skies. The scientists used data from NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope and the European Space Agency’s Herschel Space Observatory, in

Train. Credit: © Denis Tabler / Fotolia If you could save the lives of five people by pushing another bystander in front of a train to his death, would you do it? And should it make any difference if that choice is presented in a language you speak, but isn’t your native tongue? Psychologists at

This illustration compares the four planets detected around the nearby star tau Ceti (top) and the inner planets of our solar system (bottom). Credit: Illustration courtesy of Fabo Feng A new study by an international team of astronomers reveals that four Earth-sized planets orbit the nearest sun-like star, tau Ceti, which is about 12 light

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