The hormone oxytocin is probably a key factor in the interaction between dogs and humans. Credit: Sanni Somppi Researchers in the University of Helsinki’s Canine Mind research project found that oxytocin made dogs interested in smiling human faces. It also made them see angry faces as less threatening. Associated with affection and trust, the hormone

Mantled howler (Alouatta seniculus) howling. Credit: © michaklootwijk / Fotolia Human infants’ responses to the vocalizations of non-human primates shed light on the developmental origin of a crucial link between human language and core cognitive capacities, a new study reports. Previous studies have shown that even in infants too young to speak, listening to human

Spanking makes children’s behavior problems worse. Credit: © Photographee.eu / Fotolia Children who have been spanked by their parents by age 5 show an increase in behavior problems at age 6 and age 8 relative to children who have never been spanked, according to new findings in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for

A new study suggests that even low currents of electricity can affect the brain circuits that control memory and human learning. (stock image) Credit: © kentoh / Fotolia Neuroscientists at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA have discovered precisely where and how to electrically stimulate the human brain to enhance people’s recollection of

Wolf dyads show perfect teamwork, while two dogs hardly were able to co-operate. Credit: Wolf Science Center/Vetmeduni Vienna Following domestication, dogs should be more tolerant and cooperative with conspecifics and humans compared to wolves. This is at least often hypothesized. But looking at wolves and dogs in more naturalistic living conditions, however, speaks for a

Dogs probably lost their skill to discriminate quantities during domestication. Credit: Clever Dog Lab / Vetmeduni Vienna Being able to mentally consider quantities makes sense for any social species. This skill is important during the search for food, for example, or to determine whether an opponent group outnumbers one’s own. Scientists from the Messerli Research

Wolves are at least as tolerant and socially attentive as dogs. Credit: Wolf Science Center Dogs are man’s best friend and partner. The origins of this dog-human relationship were subject of a study by behavioural scientists from the Messerli Research Institute at the Vetmeduni Vienna and the Wolf Science Center. They showed that the ancestors

This is Lori McMahon and Luke Stewart. Credit: UAB Seizure disorders — including epilepsy — are associated with pathological hyperexcitability in brain neurons. Unfortunately, there are limited available treatments that can prevent this hyperexcitability. However, University of Alabama at Birmingham researchers have found that inducing a biochemical alteration in brain proteins via the dietary supplement

These are tips and tricks to help expectant mothers manage stress. Credit: University of Ottawa Parenting is a complicated journey full of questions, and when a beloved child begins to show signs of a behavioural disorder, a parent’s challenges become even more difficult to navigate. Expectant mothers may want to consider adopting today’s trend towards

Sara Letzner had humans compete against pigeons in a behavioural experiment. Credit: © RUB, Marquard Pigeons are capable of switching between two tasks as quickly as humans — and even more quickly in certain situations. These are the findings of biopsychologists who had performed the same behavioural experiments to test birds and humans. The authors

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