Olivine crystals containing melt inclusions (the dark spots on the interiors) sampled from the Mariana arc. These crystals were not part of this study, but illustrate what melt inclusions look like. Credit: Photo is courtesy of Alison Shaw Even though carbon is one of the most-abundant elements on Earth, it is actually very difficult to

Figure 1 from the press release material. Electron microscope imagery of Sn3O4 catalyst. The synthesized material is a collection of microsized (one millionth of a meter) flaky crystals. Credit: Copyright National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS) Technology that allows the direct conversion of sunlight, an ultimate renewable energy, into chemical energies (i.e., fuels) that can

Supramolecular structures select spins only if they are chiral. Credit: Weizmann Institute of Science Water is made of oxygen and hydrogen, and splitting water molecules to produce hydrogen for fuel is a promising path for alternative energy. One of the main obstacles to making hydrogen production a reality is that current methods of water splitting

SrTiO3 mesocrystal light emission. Credit: Image courtesy of Kobe University Hydrogen is an alternative source of energy that can be produced from renewable sources of sunlight and water. A group of Japanese researchers has developed a photocatalyst that increases hydrogen production tenfold. The discovery was made by a joint research team led by Associate Professor

Transmittance electron microscopic image of the composite photocatalyst with two components, black phosphorus (BP) and graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4). Credit: Osaka University Hydrogen is the most abundant element in the universe, and is considered by many to be a potential clean fuel of the future. Water and fossil fuels contain large amounts of hydrogen, but

Image of mature neurons (in red) in the hippocampus expressing the MOCOS protein (in green), the enzyme involved in purine metabolism, oxidative stress and the formation of synapses. Credit: © Emmanuelle Lacassagne, NICN, CNRS UMR 7259 A study carried out by the Laboratoire Neurobiologie des Interactions Cellulaires et Neurophysiopathologie (CNRS/Aix-Marseille Université), in collaboration with clinicians

Michael Terns, left to right, and Rebecca Terns listen to postdoctoral scientist Yunzhou Wei as he talks about proteins on a slide after a purification procedure in the Terns’ lab in the Davison Life Sciences Complex. Credit: Andrew Davis Tucker/University of Georgia An immune system that helps bacteria combat viruses is yielding unlikely results such

The electron wave function A canister of liquid helium inside the blue cylinder allowed researchers to experiment with tiny electron bubbles only 3.6 nanometers in diameter. The work suggests that the wave function of an electron can be split and parts of it trapped in smaller bubbles. Credit: Mike Cohea/Brown University Electrons are elementary particles

Mussels on a rock. Credit: Image courtesy of University of California – Santa Barbara A wide range of polymer-based materials, from tire rubber and wetsuit neoprene to Lycra clothing and silicone, are elastomers valued for their ability to flex and stretch without breaking and return to their original form. Making such materials stronger usually means

Metal droplets leave no thin layer of oxide skin on the surface, if this oxide skin is dissolved in an alkali base or acid. Credit: RMIT University Researchers from RMIT University in Melbourne, Australia, have used liquid metal to create two-dimensional materials no thicker than a few atoms that have never before been seen in

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