Skeletal fossils of the hand of Homo naledi pictured in the Wits bone vault at the Evolutionary Studies Institute at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa, on Sept. 13, 2014. The fossil hand is one of many fossils representing a new species of hominin. The broad thumb of Homo naledi suggests it was

The fossils provide further evidence that early anthropoids were minuscule creatures. Credit: Northern Illinois University At Northern Illinois University, Dan Gebo opens a cabinet and pulls out a drawer full of thin plastic cases filled with clear gelatin capsules. Inside each numbered capsule is a tiny fossil — some are so small they rival the

Return to Antikythera project chief diver Philip Short inspects the bronze spear recovered from the Antikythera Shipwreck. Credit: Brett Seymour, Copyright: Return to Antikythera 2014 A Greek and international team of divers and archaeologists has retrieved stunning new finds from an ancient Greek ship that sank more than 2,000 years ago off the remote island

The weapons of bronze found within the tomb included a meter-long slashing sword with an ivory handle covered with gold. Credit: University of Cincinnati, Pylos Excavations On the floor of the grave lay the skeleton of an adult male, stretched out on his back. Weapons lay to his left, and jewelry to his right. Near

UWM anthropology doctoral student Kevin Gartski takes notes on his iPad at Malloura, while students work on site. Credit: Jody M. Gordon Looking at a terra-cotta figurine from Cyprus with new digital technology, researchers are able to see the 2,500-year-old thumbprint of the sculptor. Matching the fingerprint of that anonymous artist to fingerprints on other

A mirror discovered in the tomb of a Greek warrior in southwest Greece refers to a scene of a goddess holding a mirror in one of four gold rings unearthed in the excavation by a team of UC researchers. Credit: Image courtesy of University of Cincinnati When University of Cincinnati researchers uncovered the tomb of

UC archaeologist Shari Stocker stands at the site of the Griffin Warrior, a 3,500-year-old tomb in southern Greece. Credit: University of Cincinnati In the more than two years since University of Cincinnati researchers unearthed the 3,500-year-old tomb of a Bronze Age warrior in southwest Greece, an incredible trove of riches has emerged, including four gold

These are fossil teeth under electron microscope. Credit: University of Portsmouth Fossils of the oldest mammals related to humankind have been discovered on the Jurassic Coast of Dorset. The two teeth are from small, rat-like creatures that lived 145 million years ago in the shadow of the dinosaurs. They are the earliest undisputed fossils of

Reconstruction of Morturneria. Credit: S. J. Godfrey In 1984, Sankar Chatterjee – curator of paleontology for the Museum of Texas Tech University – and his student, Bryan Small, made an astounding discovery. Working on Seymour Island in Antarctica, they uncovered the fossilized skull of an animal they’d never seen before. While it was obviously a

Chemical analysis on these storage jars mark the earliest discovery of wine residue in the entire prehistory of the Italian peninsula. Credit: Dr. Davide Tanasi, University of South Florida Chemical analysis conducted on ancient pottery could dramatically predate the commencement of winemaking in Italy. A large storage jar from the Copper Age (early 4th millennium

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