The team used ORNL’s Titan supercomputer to compare the genomes of Kalanchoë fedtschenkoi (back row) and Phalaenopsis equestris, or orchid (front row), as well as Ananas comosus, or pineapple. Credit: Jason Richards/Oak Ridge National Laboratory, US Deptartment of Energy Scientists at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory have identified a common set of

Velvetleaf represents one of the many invasive plant species that was tested by Dan Atwater and Jacob Barney. Credit: Virginia Tech It’s no secret that globalization, aided by climate change, is helping invasive species gain a foothold across the planet. What came as something of a surprise to Virginia Tech researchers was just how mutable

New research at the University of Iowa shows that pigeons can discriminate the abstract concepts of space and time — and seem to use a region of the brain different from humans and primates to do so. The finding adds to growing recognition in the scientific community that lower-order animal species — such as birds,

Two skulls of the new genus Haringtonhippus from Nevada (upper) and Texas (lower). Credit: Photos by Eric Scott An international team of researchers has discovered a previously unrecognized genus of extinct horses that roamed North America during the last ice age. The new findings, published November 28 in the journal eLife, are based on an

Asian black bear. Credit: © geenamp / Fotolia The Yeti or Abominable Snowman — a mysterious, ape-like creature said to inhabit the high mountains of Asia — looms large in the mythology of Nepal and Tibet. Sightings have been reported for centuries. Footprints have been spotted. Stories have been passed down from generation to generation.

  The first study to actually count the number of cortical neurons in the brains of a number of carnivores, including cats and dogs, has found that dogs possess significantly more neurons than cats, raccoons have as many neurons as a primate packed into a brain the size of a cat’s, and bears have the

Nottingham Dollies are sheep cloned from adult cells, looking similar to this sheep. Credit: © Alexandr Vasilyev / Fotolia Original concerns that cloning caused early-onset osteoarthritis (OA) in Dolly the sheep are unfounded, say experts at the University of Nottingham and the University of Glasgow. The team, who published last year’s Nottingham Dollies research which

Penn researchers leading the DARPA-funded Restoring Active Memory project constructed the first whole-brain map of electrical connectivity in the brain based on data from nearly 300 neurosurgical patients. Above, the image on the left represents the ~30,000 electrodes used in the study. On the right is a rendering of a whole-brain network derived from electrical

The movement of seismic waves through the material of the mantle allows scientists to image Earth’s interior, just as a medical ultrasound allows technicians to look inside a blood vessel. Image is courtesy of Edward Garnero and Allen McNamara’s 2008 Science paper Structure and Dynamics of Earth’s Lower Mantle, provided with Garnero’s permission. Credit: Edward

Chimpanzee. Credit: © EBFoto / Fotolia The most dramatic divergence between humans and other primates can be found in the brain, the primary organ that gives our species its identity. However, all regions of the human brain have molecular signatures very similar to those of our primate relatives, yet some regions contain distinctly human patterns

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