This photograph shows how by reorganizing the genetic combinations of tomato fruit yield increasing mutations, researchers achieved weakly branched flower-bearing shoots that gave higher yield. Credit: Zachary Lippman Tomatoes have come a long way from their origins as pea-sized berries due to humans breeding tomato plants to produce bigger fruit. However, favorable mutations that went

Scientists have designed a nano-hologram that is simple to make, can be seen without 3D goggles and is 1000 times thinner than a human hair. Credit: Image courtesy of RMIT University An Australian-Chinese research team has created the world’s thinnest hologram, paving the way towards the integration of 3D holography into everyday electronics like smart

Altrichthys alelia (Alelia’s damselfish) is a new species of damselfish discovered in the Philippines. Unlike most coral reef fish, in this species the parents care for their young. Credit: Giacomo Bernardi The vast majority of coral reef fish produce large numbers of young that disperse into the ocean as larvae, drifting with the currents before

While showing monkeys videos of social interaction, scientists scanned their brains and tracked their gaze (red dot). Credit: Screen shot from video by C.J. Machado and D. Amaral Scientists call our ability to understand another person’s thoughts — to intuit their desires, read their intentions, and predict their behavior — theory of mind. It’s an

Heliconius erato butterfly (stock image). Credit: © Nneirda / Fotolia By analyzing both the genes that control color detecting photoreceptors and the structural components of the eye itself, University of California, Irvine evolutionary biologists have discovered male and female butterflies of one particular species have the unique ability to see the world differently from each

Zebra finch. Credit: Atticus Pinzón-Rodríguez Not only migratory birds use a built-in magnetic compass to navigate correctly. A new study from Lund University in Sweden shows that non-migratory birds also are able to use a built-in compass to orient themselves using the Earth’s magnetic field. The researchers behind the current study have received help from

This photograph shows Green Island moss bank with icebergs in background. Credit: Matt Amesbury In 2013, researchers studying mosses and microbes growing at the southern end of the Antarctic Peninsula documented unprecedented ecological change over the last 50 years, driven by warming temperatures. Now, the same research group has confirmed that those striking changes in

Painted turtle eggs were brought from a hatchery in Louisiana, candled to ensure embryo viability and then incubated at male-permissive temperatures in a bed of vermiculite. Those exposed to BPA developed deformities to testes that held female characteristics. Bisphenol A (BPA) is a chemical that is used in a variety of consumer products, such as

“The strength of the fiber is significantly better than any human-made, silk-based material to our knowledge, and on the same level as what can be found in nature from spiders,” says Daniel Söderberg, a researcher with the Wallenberg Wood Science Center at KTH. Credit: Image courtesy of KTH The Royal Institute of Technology Possibly the

A new study shows that large structural variants in human glycophorin genes, which are unusually common in Africa, are protective against malarial disease. Credit: © jarun011 / Fotolia Researchers have discovered that protection from the most severe form of malaria is linked with natural variation in human red blood cell genes. A study from the

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