Berkeley Lab scientist Gary Andersen led a study that identified all of the principal oil-degrading bacteria in the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Credit: Berkeley Lab The Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico in 2010 is one of the most studied spills in history, yet scientists haven’t agreed on the role of

Researchers created a film of moth-eye-like nanostructures that can improve the sunlight visibility of screens on mobile phones and tablets. The images show the nanostructures from above (left) and from the side (right). Credit: Shin-Tson Wu, College of Optics and Photonics, University of Central Florida Screens on even the newest phones and tablets can be

This scaled-up test bed of NEWT’s direct solar desalination technology uses carbon black nanoparticles that convert as much as 80 percent of sunlight energy into heat. Results from an earlier prototype showed the technology could produce as much as six liters of freshwater per hour per square meter of solar membrane. Credit: Jeff Fitlow/Rice University

This is the Cu2O (right) that gets photocorrosion compared to Cu2O/TiO2 (left) that operates under a Z-scheme to reduce CO2. Credit: Ruixin Zhou, UK doctoral student of chemistry. A team of chemists from the University of Kentucky and the Institute of Physics Research of Mar del Plata in Argentina has just reported a way to

At Caltech, engineers have developed a new camera design that replaces the lenses with an ultra-thin optical phased array (OPA). Credit: Caltech Traditional cameras — even those on the thinnest of cell phones — cannot be truly flat due to their optics: lenses that require a certain shape and size in order to function. At

This is an artist’s rendering of a quantum thermometer. Credit: Emily Edwards/JQI In an arranged marriage of optics and mechanics, physicists have created microscopic structural beams that have a variety of powerful uses when light strikes them. Able to operate in ordinary, room-temperature environments, yet exploiting some of the deepest principles of quantum physics, these

A Singapore-based team of scientists from the Institute of High Performance Computing, A*STAR and The Logistics Institute-Asia Pacific has presented a model that looks into the logistics of disaster relief using open data and tools and measures developed in the field of network science. Credit: Image courtesy of World Scientific The United Nations Office for

Stanford scientists have designed a copper catalyst that produces ethanol from carbon dioxide and water. Credit: Mark Shwartz/Stanford University Most cars and trucks in the United States run on a blend of 90 percent gasoline and 10 percent ethanol, a renewable fuel made primarily from fermented corn. But to produce the 14 billion gallons of

Seamstress sewing. Credit: © Fergus Coyle / Fotolia Haute couture can be credited for enhancing more than catwalks and red carpets. New research from the University of California, Berkeley suggests that the 3D or “stereoscopic” vision of dressmakers is as sharp as their needles. Stereoscopic vision is the brain’s ability to decode the flat 2D

Shimon, a robot in the Center of Music Technology and School of Music. Credit: Image courtesy of Georgia Institute of Technology A marimba-playing robot with four arms and eight sticks is writing and playing its own compositions in a lab at the Georgia Institute of Technology. The pieces are generated using artificial intelligence and deep

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