The Apollo 15 moon rock sample, which was analyzed by MIT and Rutgers University researchers, consists of basalt fragments welded together by a dark glassy matrix that was produced by melting from a meteorite impact. The black scale cube is 1 centimeter across. Credit: NASA New evidence from ancient lunar rocks suggests that an active

Pasture with young second-growth forest in the background in Chiapas, Mexico. Credit: Robin Chazdon Climate scientists have long recognized the importance of forest conservation and forest regrowth in climate mitigation and carbon sequestration — capturing carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere. But the detailed information required to make accurate estimates of this potential has remained

The microbattery created by Jie Xiao and Daniel Deng and colleagues, amid grains of rice. Credit: Image courtesy of DOE/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Scientists have created a microbattery that packs twice the energy compared to current microbatteries used to monitor the movements of salmon through rivers in the Pacific Northwest and around the world. The

Overexpressing a single gene called Arc rejuvenates the visual cortex of middle-age mice, making them as plastic as younger mice. Credit: Elissa Pastuzyn Like much of the rest of the body, the brain loses flexibility with age, impacting the ability to learn, remember, and adapt. Now, scientists at University of Utah Health report they can

Side view of the brain summarizing blood flow results from tens of thousands of study subjects shows increased blood flow in women compared to men, highlighted in the red colored areas of the brain: the cingulate gyrus and precuneus. Men in this image have higher blood flow in blue colored areas — the cerebellum. Credit:

Zebra. Credit: © mbridger68 / Fotolia In the last 20 years, the field of animal coloration research has experienced explosive growth thanks to numerous technological advances, and it now stands on the threshold of a new era. That’s the conclusion of 27 researchers, including University of Michigan evolutionary biologist Elizabeth Tibbetts, in a review article

Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have found that a particular gut microbe can prevent severe flu infections in mice, likely by breaking down naturally occurring compounds — called flavonoids — commonly found in foods such as black tea, red wine and blueberries. Credit: © taa22 / Fotolia Microbes that live

Researchers Bjorn Scholz (left) and Grayson Rich (right) with the world’s smallest neutrino detector as it’s being installed along ‘neutrino alley’ at the Spallation Neutron Source at Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Tennessee. Credit: Juan Collar/University of Chicago In 1974, a Fermilab physicist predicted a new way for ghostly particles called neutrinos to interact with

Associate Professor Li Daiqin (right) and Ms Chang Chia-chen (left) from the Department of Biological Sciences at NUS found that the personality of spiders determine their decision-making and hunting styles. Credit: Image courtesy of National University of Singapore Spiders, like humans and many other animals, have distinct personalities. Two studies by scientists from the National

Jianguo Gu, Ph.D., of the University of Alabama at Birmingham, has now unraveled how the sensory information is processed in the Merkel discs and further conveyed to the ending of a sensory nerve, the start of its journey to the brain. Credit: © beeboys / Fotolia That a finger can distinguish the texture of satin

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