This is a pillar from Building D at Göbekli Tepe seen from the southeast. Credit: German Archaeological Institute (DAI) In Turkey, Carved Skulls Provide the First Evidence of a Neolithic “Skull Cult”: Three carved skull fragments uncovered at a Neolithic dig site in Turkey feature modifications not seen before among human remains of the time,

Chimpanzee (stock image). Credit: © Cornershots / Fotolia Since at least the 1920s, anecdotes and some studies have suggested that chimpanzees are “super strong” compared to humans, implying that their muscle fibers, the cells that make up muscles, are superior to humans. But now a research team reports that contrary to this belief, chimp muscles’

This illustration shows the MAVEN spacecraft and the limb of Mars. Credit: NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center On June 17, NASA’s MAVEN (Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution Mission) will celebrate 1,000 Earth days in orbit around the Red Planet. Since its launch in November 2013 and its orbit insertion in September 2014, MAVEN has been

Investigator Lauren Welbourne. Credit: Image courtesy of University of York Scientists at the University of York have shed new light on how humans process color — revealing that we see things differently in winter compared with summer. The researchers examined how our color perception changes between seasons and in particular how we process the color

A mature flower of Saltugilia caruifolia (left), accompanied with a microscopic view of the petal lobes (right) showing the 3-D cell structure, which has implications in the flower’s development and its ability to attract pollinators. Credit: Photo by Jacob B. Landis from: Landis, J. B., K. L. Ventura, D. E. Soltis, P. S. Soltis, and

The research icebreaker CCGS Amundsen. Credit: Image courtesy of University of Manitoba The Science Team of the Canadian Research Icebreaker CCGS Amundsen has cancelled the first leg of the 2017 Expedition due to complications associated with the southward motion of hazardous Arctic sea ice, caused by climate change. This regrettably postpones the much-anticipated Hudson Bay

ow the host shapes the microbiota is unclear. This visual abstract depicts the findings in Liu et al, who identify host miRNAs within feces and show that these miRNAs are predominantly produced by gut epithelial cells and Hopx+ cells. These microRNAs can regulate bacterial gene expression and growth, and their loss results in imbalanced microbiota

Domesticated crops have been transformed almost beyond recognition in comparison with their wild relatives – a change that happened during the early stages of farming in the Stone Age. Credit: © nipaporn / Fotolia The beginnings of agriculture changed human history and has fascinated scientists for centuries. Researchers from the Grantham Centre for Sustainable Futures

Does testosterone make men feel more right? (stock image) Credit: © Romolo Tavani / Fotolia Hotheaded, impulsive men who shoot first and ask questions later are a staple of Westerns and 1970s cop films, but new research shows there might be truth to the trope. A study conducted by researchers from Caltech, the Wharton School,

This is an entrance to the archaeological site of Vindija Cave, Croatia. Credit: MPI f. Evolutionary Anthropology/ J. Krause While there are numerous prehistoric sites in Europe and Asia that contain tools and other human-made artefacts, skeletal remains of ancient humans are scarce. Researchers of the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany,

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