Illinois professor Aron Barbey led a study that examined how cognitive cross-training affects skill learning. Credit: Graphic by Julie McMahon Just as athletes cross-train to improve physical skills, those wanting to enhance cognitive skills can benefit from multiple ways of exercising the brain, according to a comprehensive new study from University of Illinois researchers. The

Human pluripotent stem cell-derived interneurons integrate into the epileptic brain. Credit: Sangmi Chung, Ph.D., McLean Hospital McLean Hospital and Harvard Stem Cell Institute scientists have new evidence that stem cell transplantation could be a worthwhile strategy to help epileptics who do not respond to anti-seizure drugs. As reported in Cell Stem Cell, the laboratory of

New findings will better help map out the brain’s speech regions. Credit: Adeen Flinker For 150 years, the iconic Broca’s area of the brain has been recognized as the command center for human speech, including vocalization. Now, scientists at UC Berkeley and Johns Hopkins University in Maryland are challenging this long-held assumption with new evidence

A recording site (grey dot) in a brain region responsible for social interaction showed clear differences in neural activity when the subject was talking to the life partner (green curve) vs. the physician (blue curve). Human speech comes in countless varieties: When people talk to close friends or partners, they talk differently than when they

Kathleen Gustafson, a research associate professor in the Department of Neurology at the University of Kansas Medical Center’s Hoglund Brain Imaging Center (right), with a mother-to-be in the fetal biomagnetometer. Credit: KU News Service photo A month before they are born, fetuses carried by American mothers-to-be can distinguish between someone speaking to them in English

Volume rendered Brain SPECT perfusion maps. The results are of a patient in the treated group suffering from left hemiparesis due to ischemic stroke that occurred 26 months prior to inclusion in the study. The brain perfusion maps (upper two images) show the infracted brain (deep blue color) involving the right antero-postero-lateral frontal, right superior-parietal

Lenticular organic microfossils in the Kromberg Formation, Onverwacht Group, Barberton Mountain Land of South Africa. Image shown is an optical photomicrograph of a polished thin section, taken in transmitted light. Credit: Dorothy Oehler on a sample provided by Maud Walsh (Louisiana State University) Large, robust, lens-shaped microfossils from the approximately 3.4 billion-year-old Kromberg Formation of

Brain activity during decision making. Credit: Penn Medicine During the last decade, commercial brain-training programs have risen in popularity, offering people the hope of improving their cognitive abilities through the routine performance of various “brain games” that tap cognitive functions such as memory, attention and cognitive flexibility. But a recent study at the University of

Research from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, Radboud University Medical Centre in the Netherlands, and Stanford University shows that disrupting just one night of sleep in healthy, middle-aged adults causes an increase in a brain protein associated with Alzheimer’s disease. Further, a week of poor sleep leads to an increase in another

The findings of this study shed new light on how stress, depression and other mental states can alter organ function, and show that there is a real anatomical basis for psychosomatic illness. Credit: © llhedgehogll / Fotolia Neuroscientists at the University of Pittsburgh have identified the neural networks that connect the cerebral cortex to the

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