Marathon runners. Credit: © pavel1964 / Fotolia Elite athletes work hard to excel in sports, but they may also get a natural edge from the bacteria that inhabit their digestive tracts. Scientists have now tapped into the microbiome of exceptional runners and rowers, and have identified particular bacteria that may aid athletic performance. The goal

Associate Professor Jochen Brocks and Dr. Amber Jarrett with an oil sample taken ancient sedimentary rocks. Credit: Stuart Hay, ANU Research led by The Australian National University (ANU) has solved the mystery of how the first animals appeared on Earth, a pivotal moment for the planet without which humans would not exist. Lead researcher Associate

This is an enlarged illustration of a mitoNEET protein backbone fold (pink and purple) with essential iron-sulfur clusters (orange and yellow) is superimposed on a microscopic image of a breast cancer cell’s mitochondria. Credit: P. Jennings/UCSD Two proteins have been identified as prime suspects in the proliferation of breast cancer in a study by an

Dr. Ganesh Raj, left, Dr. Amy Li, and colleagues have identified a molecule that shuts down estrogen-sensitive breast cancer in a new way. Credit: UT Southwestern UT Southwestern Simmons Cancer Center researchers have shown that a first-in-class molecule can prevent breast cancer growth when traditional therapies stop working. First-in-class drugs are drugs that work by

This is Dr. Eric Belin de Chantemele, physiologist in the Vascular Biology Center and associate professor in the Department of Medicine at the Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University. Credit: Phil Jones When women are hypertensive their physicians should consider measuring their level of aldosterone, a hormone that at high levels damages the cardiovascular

Tea with sweetener in a spoon (stock image). Credit: © photosiber / Fotolia Artificial sweeteners may be associated with long-term weight gain and increased risk of obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure and heart disease, according to a new study published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal) Consumption of artificial sweeteners, such as aspartame and sucralose,

Scan of a heart. Credit: The University of Manchester A pioneering new study is set to help surgeons repair hearts without damaging precious tissue. A team of scientists from Liverpool John Moores University (LJMU), The University of Manchester, Aarhus University and Newcastle University, have developed a way of producing 3D data to show the cardiac

Large indoor marijuana growing operation. Credit: © Jdubsvideo / Fotolia Marijuana use is associated with a three-fold risk of death from hypertension, according to research published today in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology. “Steps are being taken towards legalisation and decriminalisation of marijuana in the United States, and rates of recreational marijuana use may

Analyzing data from the period between January 1, 2009 and September 31, 2015, the researchers documented a 34 percent increase in overdose-related ICU admissions. Credit: © Victor Moussa / Fotolia Since 2009, hospital intensive care units have witnessed a stark increase in opioid-related admissions and deaths, according to new study led by researchers at Beth

The gases used to knock out surgery patients appears to be contributing to global warming. Credit: © Herjua / Fotolia The gases used to knock out surgery patients are accumulating in Earth’s atmosphere, where they make a small contribution to climate change, report scientists who have detected the compounds as far afield as Antarctica. Over

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