An illustration of how laboratory techniques can tell scientists like Anat Shahar and her team about how elements such as iron behave under the extreme pressures found in the Earth’s core. Background image courtesy of Vadim Sadovski. Credit: Background image courtesy of Vadim Sadovski. Additional imagery courtesy of Anat Shahar New work from a research

A new study finds a natural impediment to the long-term sequestration of carbon dioxide. Credit: Christine Daniloff/MIT Carbon sequestration promises to address greenhouse-gas emissions by capturing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and injecting it deep below the Earth’s surface, where it would permanently solidify into rock. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency estimates that current carbon-sequestration

The results of tests conducted by UConn chemists show that nicotine electronic cigarettes are equivalent, if not slightly worse, than unfiltered (nf) tobacco cigarettes when it comes to causing DNA damage. Non-nicotine (nn) e-cigarettes cause damage similar to filtered tobacco cigarettes. The amount of relative DNA damage is reflected by the intensity of the color

Super Kamiokande is the worldʼs largest underground neutrino detector, and is located 1000 metres underground in Kamioka Mine, Hida, Gifu Precture, Japan. It is affiliated with the Kamioka Observatory of the Institute of Cosmic Ray Research at the University of Tokyo. In addition to detecting T2K neutrinos, Super Kamiokande observes neutrinos produced by collisions between

Antineutrino detectors in Daya Bay Hall #3. The detectors rest in a pool being filled with ultrapure water. Credit: University of California – Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory The Daya Bay Collaboration, an international group of scientists studying the subtle transformations of subatomic particles called neutrinos, is publishing its first results on the search for a

BPA is found in water sources around the world. Credit: © winston / Fotolia Carnegie Mellon University chemist Terrence J. Collins has developed an approach that quickly and cheaply removes more than 99 percent of bisphenol A (BPA) from water. BPA, a ubiquitous and dangerous chemical used in the manufacturing of many plastics, is found

ORNL researchers have discovered a new type of quantum critical point, a new way in which materials change from one state of matter to another. Featured here are researchers Lekh Poudel (left), Andrew Christianson and Andrew May. Credit: Genevieve Martin, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, U.S. Dept. of Energy When matter changes from solids to liquids

Lithium ions migrate through the electrolyte (yellow) into the layer of crystalline silicon (c-Si). During the charging cycle, a 20-nm layer (red) develops on the silicon electrode adsorbing extreme quantities of lithium atoms. Credit: HZB The team was able to show through neutron measurements made at the Institut Laue-Langevin in Grenoble, France, that lithium ions

A theory developed at Rice University determined that a graphene/boron compound would excel as an ultrathin anode for lithium-ion batteries. The compound would store far more energy than graphite electrodes used in current batteries. Credit: Vasilii Artyukhov/Rice University Frustration led to revelation when Rice University scientists determined how graphene might be made useful for high-capacity

These are novel molecules for OLEDs that can store electrical energy for significantly longer than is conventionally assumed. Credit: Image: Prof. Dr. John Lupton/Uni Regensburg Researchers from the universities of Bonn and Regensburg have developed a novel type of organic light-emitting diode (OLED). These lights are suitable for the design of particularly energy-efficient cheap displays,

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