A chemical reaction where three different molecules (e.g. H, O2, H) each participate in the breaking and forming of chemical bonds. The reaction is mediated by an ephemeral collision complex (HO2**) formed from the collision of two molecules (H, O2) which then reacts upon colliding with a third molecule (H). Data from advanced computations reveal

Cardiff Catalysis Institute researchers develop new processes with industry and promote catalysis as a sustainable 21st century technology. Credit: Mike Hall Photography Scientists at Cardiff University have created methanol from methane using oxygen from the air. Methanol is currently produced by breaking down natural gas at high temperatures into hydrogen gas and carbon monoxide before

Achromatium oxaliferum containing large calcite bodies, small sulfur droplets and green-fluorescing DNA spots. Credit: Heribert Cypionka Achromatium oxaliferum is the largest (known) freshwater bacterium in the world. It is 30,000 times larger than its “normal” counterparts that live in water and owing to its calcite deposits it is visible to the naked eye. It has

The nucleus of comet 67P Churyumov-Gerasimenko (“Chury”) as seen by the European Rosetta space probe. Credit: © ESA / Rosetta / MPS for OSIRIS Team MPS/UPD/LAM/IAA/SSO/INTA/UPM/DASP/IDA The ESA’s Rosetta mission, which ended in September 2016, found that organic matter made up 40% (by mass) of the nucleus of comet 67P Churyumov-Gerasimenko, a.k.a. Chury. Organic compounds,

Using a unique method involving nanocapsules made out of DNA, researchers studied a little-understood signaling process (lit up in color in the neurons above) that plays a key role in the brain. Credit: Veetil et. al A team of scientists from the University of Chicago designed a way to use microscopic capsules made out of

Changes in microstructure, such as this void and fibrils created by straining a polymer sheet, appear to control how the material charges through friction. Credit: Case Western Reserve University For centuries, scientists have tried to understand triboelectric charging, commonly known as static electricity. Triboelectric charging causes toner from a photocopier or laser printer to stick

A scalable graphene-based membrane for producing clean water. Credit: Aaron Morelos-Gomez An international team of researchers, including scientists from Shinshu University (Japan) and the director of Penn State’s ATOMIC Center, has developed a graphene-based coating for desalination membranes that is more robust and scalable than current nanofiltration membrane technologies. The result could be a sturdy

Chocolate as a medical aid? Credit: BYU Photo What if eating chocolate helped prevent and treat diabetes? It’s crazy enough to laugh off. But here’s the thing: BYU researchers have discovered certain compounds found in cocoa can actually help your body release more insulin and respond to increased blood glucose better. Insulin is the hormone

High-tech fabric intended for gloves and other military clothing contains silver mesh (silver nanowires or ‘AgNW’) that could be heated to keep soldiers warm, while a hydrogel layer would absorb sweat. Credit: US Army Natick Soldier Research Development and Engineering Center Soldiering in arctic conditions is tough. Protective clothing can be heavy and can cause

Dysregulated energy balance can result in obesity. Credit: Image courtesy of Hiroshima University NPGL, a recently discovered protein involved in brain signalling, has been found to increase fat storage by the body — even when on a low-calorie diet In addition, NPGL was shown to increase appetite in response to high caloric food intake, suggesting

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