The foot bones of the new giant penguin (left), compared to those of an Emperor Penguin, the largest living penguin species (right). Credit: © Senckenberg Together with colleagues from New Zealand, Senckenberg scientist Dr. Gerald Mayr described a recently discovered fossil of a giant penguin with a body length of around 150 centimeters. The new

Exterior of Devil’s Gate: the cave in the Primorye region, about 30km from the far eastern coast of Russia, where the human remains were found from which the ancient DNA used in the study was extracted.Credit: Yuriy Chernyavskiy In contrast to Western Europeans, new research finds contemporary East Asians are genetically much closer to the

A fossilized mantle of a vampyropod, a relative to the modern vampire squid (pictured on bottom right). The ink sack is the raised structure in the center, and muscles have a striated appearance.Credit: Rowan Martindale/The University of Texas at Austin Jackson School of Geosciences and the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute. A trove of exceptionally

Artist’s reconstruction of Saccorhytus coronarius, based on the original fossil finds. The actual creature was probably no more than a millimeter in size. Credit: S Conway Morris / Jian Han Researchers have identified traces of what they believe is the earliest known prehistoric ancestor of humans—a microscopic, bag-like sea creature, which lived about 540 million

Siamogale melilutra had a large, powerful jaw with the enlarged, bunodont (rounded-cusped) teeth typical of many otter lineages. This raises the question of whether these bunodont teeth were inherited by all otters from a common ancestor, or evolved independently in different otter lineages over time because of the evolution of similar adaptations to thrive in

Trilobite species: An illustration of a trilobite (a different species than the recent find). Credit: University of Adelaide Fossils found in Morocco from the long-extinct group of sea creatures called trilobites, including rarely seen soft-body parts, may be previously unseen animals that left distinctive fossil ‘footprints’ around the ancient supercontinent Gondwana. The trilobites were a

This horse mandible from Cave 2 shows a number of cut marks on the lingual surface. They show the animal’s tongue was cut out with a stone tool. Credit: University of Montreal The timing of the first entry of humans into North America across the Bering Strait has now been set back 10,000 years. This

Researchers have discovered 12 new tombs dating from the 18th Dynasty (Thutmosid period).Credit: Image courtesy of Lund University The Swedish mission at Gebel el Silsila, led by Dr. Maria Nilsson from Lund University and John Ward, has discovered 12 new tombs dating from the 18th Dynasty (Thutmosid period), including crypts cut into the rock, rock-cut

Rock art painting showing a human figure collecting plants. Credit: The Archaeological Mission in the Sahara. Sapienza University of Rome. A team of international scientists, led by the University of Bristol, has uncovered the earliest direct evidence of humans processing plants for food found anywhere in the world. Researchers at the Organic Geochemistry Unit in

The city’s acropolis is barely visible during a cloudy day on the Thessalian plains. Credit: SIA/EFAK/YPPOA An international research team at the Department of Historical Studies, University of Gothenburg, is exploring the remains of an ancient city in central Greece. The results can change the view of an area that traditionally has been considered a

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