Artist’s reconstruction of Saccorhytus coronarius, based on the original fossil finds. The actual creature was probably no more than a millimeter in size. Credit: S Conway Morris / Jian Han Researchers have identified traces of what they believe is the earliest known prehistoric ancestor of humans—a microscopic, bag-like sea creature, which lived about 540 million

Siamogale melilutra had a large, powerful jaw with the enlarged, bunodont (rounded-cusped) teeth typical of many otter lineages. This raises the question of whether these bunodont teeth were inherited by all otters from a common ancestor, or evolved independently in different otter lineages over time because of the evolution of similar adaptations to thrive in

Trilobite species: An illustration of a trilobite (a different species than the recent find). Credit: University of Adelaide Fossils found in Morocco from the long-extinct group of sea creatures called trilobites, including rarely seen soft-body parts, may be previously unseen animals that left distinctive fossil ‘footprints’ around the ancient supercontinent Gondwana. The trilobites were a

This horse mandible from Cave 2 shows a number of cut marks on the lingual surface. They show the animal’s tongue was cut out with a stone tool. Credit: University of Montreal The timing of the first entry of humans into North America across the Bering Strait has now been set back 10,000 years. This

Researchers have discovered 12 new tombs dating from the 18th Dynasty (Thutmosid period).Credit: Image courtesy of Lund University The Swedish mission at Gebel el Silsila, led by Dr. Maria Nilsson from Lund University and John Ward, has discovered 12 new tombs dating from the 18th Dynasty (Thutmosid period), including crypts cut into the rock, rock-cut

Rock art painting showing a human figure collecting plants. Credit: The Archaeological Mission in the Sahara. Sapienza University of Rome. A team of international scientists, led by the University of Bristol, has uncovered the earliest direct evidence of humans processing plants for food found anywhere in the world. Researchers at the Organic Geochemistry Unit in

The city’s acropolis is barely visible during a cloudy day on the Thessalian plains. Credit: SIA/EFAK/YPPOA An international research team at the Department of Historical Studies, University of Gothenburg, is exploring the remains of an ancient city in central Greece. The results can change the view of an area that traditionally has been considered a

Discoveries indicate mass fishing and therefore a semi-permanent settlement.Credit: Arne Sjöström Six years ago divers discovered the oldest known stationary fish traps in northern Europe off the coast of southern Sweden. Since then, researchers at Lund University in Sweden have uncovered an exceptionally well-preserved Stone Age site. They now believe the location was a lagoon

Dinosaur skin impression on rock.Credit: Víctor Fondevilla/UAB Researchers from the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB) in collaboration with the Institut Català de Paleontologia Miquel Crusafont (ICP), have discovered in Vallcebre (Barcelona) an impression fossil with the surface of the skin of a dinosaur from the Late Cretaceous, a period right before their extinction. Its characteristics

Fossil bones from the skull of Bothriolepis rex and a line drawing of the head viewed from above. The large, thick bones create an armor with a single opening for the eyes. The mouth is on the lower surface of the skull, indicating a bottom-feeding lifestyle. Credit: Valentina Garcia, drawing by Jason Downs. We’ve all

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