The Aroeira 3 cranium.Credit: Javier Trueba. A large international research team, directed by the Portuguese archaeologist João Zilhão and including Binghamton University anthropologist Rolf Quam, has found the oldest fossil human cranium in Portugal, marking an important contribution to knowledge of human evolution during the middle Pleistocene in Europe and to the origin of the

Virtual reconstructions of the Xuchang 1 and 2 human crania are superimposed on the archeological site where they were discovered.Credit: Xiujie Wu Two partial archaic human skulls, from the Lingjing site, Xuchang, central China, provide a new window into the biology and populations patterns of the immediate predecessors of modern humans in eastern Eurasia. Securely

Image Credit: Flickr/Erich Ferdinand Deep in the caves of Goyet in Belgium researchers have found the grisly evidence that the Neanderthals did not just feast on horses or reindeer, but also on each other. Human bones from a newborn, a child and four adults or teenagers who lived around 40,000 years ago show clear signs

University of Tübingen researchers found evidence of a link between cranial features and language spoken. They compared the measurements of skulls from Africa, Asia, and Oceania between certain points (marked yellow).Credit: University of Tübingen University of Tübingen researchers have found evidence that common descent of human populations is reflected both in their cranial features and

Credit: University of Bristol An inter-disciplinary team of scientists and archaeologists have discovered widespread evidence of prehistoric milk production in southern Europe. The study uncovered evidence that humans have been utilising milk and dairy products across the northern Mediterranean region from the onset of agriculture – some 9,000 years ago. The importance of meat and

Evolution purged many Neanderthal genes from human genome. Credit: Jaysmark, Flickr, CC BY Larger populations allowed humans to shed weakly deleterious gene variants that were widespread in Neanderthals Neanderthal genetic material is found in only small amounts in the genomes of modern humans because, after interbreeding, natural selection removed large numbers of weakly deleterious Neanderthal

Bodies buried by family members were arranged in a flexed position on their side (left), while in atypical burials, bodies were left in more awkward positions (right).Credit: Illustration: Caitlin McPherson There is significant variation in how different cultures over time have dealt with the dead. Yet, at a very basic level, funerals in the Sonoran

Relationships between the ancestors of modern humans and other archaic populations such as Neanderthals and Denisovans were likely more complex than previously thought, involving interbreeding within and outside Africa, according to a new estimator developed by geneticists. Findings were reported at the American Society of Human Genetics (ASHG) 2016 Annual Meeting in Vancouver, B.C. In

David Frayer, KU professor emeritus of anthropology, is lead author on a recent study published in the Journal of Evolution that found striations on teeth of a Homo habilis fossil 1.8 million years old moved from left to right, indicating the earliest evidence in the fossil record for right-handedness. Researchers believe the marks came from

Extensive heat treatment in Middle Stone Age shows that controlled use of fire may have occurred at early stage of tool and blade production. The photo shows heated artefacts in silcrete made by Homo sapiens at Klipdrift Shelter, South Africa.Credit: Katja Douze, University of the Witwatersrand Humans living in South Africa in the Middle Stone

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